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P1875 - 4 Wheel Drive Low Switch Circuit


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Old 07-28-2006, 04:57 PM   #1
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Schematic



CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION
The four wheel drive (4WD) low circuit consists of the Vehicle Control Module (VCM) , a Transfer Case Control Module (TCCM) and the circuit wiring. The TCCM controls the 4WD low signal on circuit 1694. When the operator selects 4WD low, the TCCM grounds circuit 1694 and the 4WD low signal voltage on the circuit changes from ignition voltage to zero volts . The VCM then compensates for transfer case gear reduction in the transmission Output Shaft Speed (OSS) signal. The VCM uses the transmission ass signal to adjust shift points, line pressure and Torque Converter Clutch (TCC) scheduling.

When the VCM detects a continuous open or short to ground in the 4WD low circuit, then DTC P1875 sets. DTC P1875 is a type B DTC.

CONDITIONS FOR RUNNING THE DTC

* No TP sensor DTCs P0122, or P0123.
* No VSS assembly DTCs P0502 or P0503.
* No TCC solenoid valve DTC P0740.
* No TCC stuck ON DTC P0742.
* No 1-2 SS valve DTCs P0751 or P0753.
* No 2-3 SS valve DTCs P0756 or P0758.
* No TFP manual valve position switch DTC P1810.
* No TCC PWM solenoid valve DTC P1860.
* The engine speed is greater than 450 RPM for 5 seconds .
* The engine is not in fuel cutoff.
* The gear range is D4.
* The vehicle speed is greater than 11 km/h (7 mph ).
* The TP angle is 17-50% .
* The engine torque is between 50-400 lb ft .
* The engine vacuum is between 0-105 kPa .
* The shift solenoid performance counters are zero.
* The TFT is 20-130C (68-266F) .

CONDITIONS FOR SETTING THE DTC
DTC P1875 sets if one of the following conditions occurs:

Condition 1

* The 4WD low switch is in 4WD low.
* The transfer case is not in 4WD low.
* The TCC slip speed is -3000 to -50 RPM .
* The transfer case ratio is 0.8-1.2 (the transfer case ratio is the engine speed divided by the transfer case output speed).
* All conditions are met for 5 seconds .

Condition 2

* The 4WD low switch is not in 4WD low.
* The transfer case is in 4WD low.
* The TCC is commanded ON.
* The TCC slip speed is 100 to 3000 RPM .
* The transfer case ratio is 2.5-2.9.
* All conditions are met for 10 seconds .

ACTION TAKEN WHEN THE DTC SETS

* The VCM illuminates the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) during the second consecutive trip in which the Conditions for Setting the DTC are met.
* The VCM commands a normal shift pattern (not a 4WD low shift pattern).
* The VCM records the operating conditions when the Conditions for Setting the DTC are met. The VCM stores this information as Freeze Frame and Failure Records.
* The VCM stores DTC P1875 in VCM history during the second consecutive trip in which the Conditions for Setting the DTC are met.

CONDITIONS FOR CLEARING THE MIL/DTC

* The VCM turns OFF the MIL during the third consecutive trip in which the diagnostic test runs and passes.
* A scan tool can clear the MIL/DTC.
* The VCM clears the DTC from VCM history if the vehicle completes 40 warm-up cycles without an emission-related diagnostic fault occurring.
* The VCM cancels the DTC default actions when the fault no longer exists and/or the ignition switch is OFF long enough in order to power down the VCM.

DIAGNOSTIC AIDS

* Inspect the connectors at the VCM and the transfer case control module for an intermittent condition. Refer to Testing for Intermittent and Poor Connections in Diagrams.
* Inspect the circuit wiring for an intermittent condition. Refer to Testing for Electrical Intermittents in Diagrams.

Diagnostic Chart (Part 1 Of 2)



Diagnostic Chart (Part 2 Of 2)



TEST DESCRIPTION
The numbers below refer to the step numbers on the diagnostic table.

3. This step tests for a short to ground in the 4WD low signal circuit (CKT 1694).
4. This step tests for an open in the 4WD low signal circuit (CKT 1694) or a faulty TCCM.

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dtc, obd ii, obd-ii, obd2, obdii, p1875, switch


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